Thursday, August 27, 2020

Economy on Food Essay Example for Free

Economy on Food Essay Numerous Americans devour food at a disturbing rate without halting to consider what they truly may be gobbling or how it wound up on their plate. On the off chance that we just set aside the effort to perceive how our food frameworks functioned, we would see the domino influence streaming down from government to average day Americans. With the end goal for us to have the option to develop and create food, ranchers are paid by our legislature as sponsorships. These harvests in many cases don't develop normally starting from the earliest stage. Synthetics are siphoned into the Earth messing up our condition. That food is than sent on ventures everywhere throughout the world, including stops at feed parcels. Creatures are taken care of the yield which has a bigger number of cons than experts to their stomach related framework and their bodies making meat have a higher convergence of fat. Obviously these items are then appropriated to our supermarkets and we get them without a tiny smidgen of dithering. Every single one of these means has an effect on the other and it may all be constrained by one issue government appropriations. Without this control ranchers may have the activity to develop with their brains set on quality over amount which thus will have more beneficial effects on each degree of our food economy. Ranchers are huge supporters toward the nourishment for our general public. The administration pays ranchers by controlling the gracefully and request through appropriations keeping the ranchers their employments. Notwithstanding, the sponsorships depend on what number of bushels a rancher can develop, which prompts an overproduction. A case of an exceptionally sponsored crop is corn. Alone, this yield causes natural, animal cultivating, and society medical problems. As indicated by Michael Pollan, a creator, extremist, and Professor of news-casting at the University of California, Berkeley, for ranchers to grow a bounteous measure of corn it requires more synthetic concoctions and pesticides to keep up developing conditions. These synthetic compounds in the long run discover its way into the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico, executing marine life (45). At the point when this yield is sold, ranchers with domesticated animals get it as animal feed, for it is modest. The vast majority of the creatures we eat (chickens, pigs, and bovines) today remain alive on a tight eating routine of corn, reguardless whether or not it is beneficial for them (Pollan, 44). Cows are not use to an all corn diet which makes ranchers feed them anti-infection agents to ward off any sickness as well as contaminations. When these creatures give investigations they are sent to a butcher house to turn into the meat we eat, which is loaded up with anti-infection agents and corn. Corn arrives in a sugar added substance structure be increasingly exact - Meline Akashian 11/27/10 3:25 PM called high fructose corn syrup. It is ordinarily found in soda pops since it is so sweet and modest. Because of the endowment, it replaced sugar. There is no occurrence that the discount change to corn sugars in 1980s denotes the start of the scourge of weight and Type 2 Diabetes in this nation (Pollan, 44). Since the sponsorship caused overproduction and amazingly low costs, America has released itself in getting one of the fattest and laziest countries by going to drive-through joints rather than home prepared suppers. The administration pays ranchers to develop these wares (I. e. corn, soy, wheat, rice, and cotton) for their overproduction and the ranch bill what homestead bill? offer setting for quote - Meline Akashian 11/27/10 3:26 PM does practically nothing to help ranchers developing new produce The explanation the least energizing calories in the general store are the least expensive is that those are the ones the homestead bill urges ranchers to develop (Pollan, You Are What You Grow). While products of the soil costs expanded 40 percent from 1985-2000, the cost of soda pops, containing corn, declined 23 percent (Pollan, You Are What You Grow). Through government endowments and the ranch charge, it has caused a few issues concerning the earth, and animal and society wellbeing. Government sponsorships should be taken a gander at and changed significantly. Ranchers need to stop overproduction and as opposed to being paid by bushels, be followed through on to restrain creation and bolster costs (Pollan, You Are What You Grow). By supporting costs and constraining creation, yields may not be so high popular, further bringing about creatures eating what they are acclimated with and Americans eating more advantageous with less obscure added substances put into their food. Here you have moved to potential arrangements spare it for that area. - Meline Akashian 11/27/10 3:28 PM The overproduction of corn in America has brought up numerous issues in regards to the procedure and creation of corn and how today is influencing us Americans. Need an alternate progress here, one that twists off from last passage - Meline Akashian 11/27/10 3:29 PM Many narratives about corn, the creation, procedure, and dissemination have been explored different avenues regarding and gotten on tape, while more issues have ascended about states of corn and cultivating. Such Aforementioned issues have uncovered that however corn is modest and simple, it expands wellbeing dangers for our bodies and to creatures also. Michael Pollan writer of When A Crop Becomes King, author for the New York Times expresses that â€Å"nowhere have people done very as a lot to propel the interests of this plant as in North America , where zea mays has hinted itself into our scene, our food framework and our government financial plan. † Pollan is uncovering that individuals may scrutinize the food creation and if makers are paying special mind to our wellbeing or not. We despite everything purchase similar items and dont pose the significant inquiries, however, we simply acknowledge that it is a lifestyle. We grumble that food is unfortunate and there are once in a while any choices that are similarly as speedy and delectable as cheap food, rather, we have to pick our own choices rather then accuse the inexpensive food industry. Corn has been prepared and has become an American item for as long as barely any decades, were relinquishing the strength of both our bodies and the earth by developing and eating such an extensive amount it[ ]thats cause for our anxiety states Polan in another statement from The New York Times. Despite the fact that we have the creation of corn prepared in nourishments and took care of to creatures to make there meat increasingly greasy, the best technique that has kept the zea mays in business is the advancement of high fructose corn syrup. Look on the backs of pop jars, pieces of candy, even apples and you will see that there is high fructose corn syrup in our assimilated items. Corns being prepared into the entirety of our nourishments, beverages, and creatures is just piece of the issue, Polan states that Modern corn cross breeds are the greediest of plants, requesting more nitrogen manure than some other harvest likewise requiring more pesticide then some other yield. Corn isnt as modest as we speculate it to be, the eating routine for corn comprises of a plethera of water and is splashed with synthetic compounds each time its developed. Because of the synthetics that are showered, these synthetic concoctions discover its way to the Mississippi River which conveys it to the Gulf of Mexico, which has just murdered marine life in a 12,000 square mile territory. Polan again uncovers that on the off chance that we make a stride back, we will understand that our condition is enduring the same amount of as we seem to be, we are transitory on this planet we have to recollect that the earth isn't to be tempered with, however common. The procedure of cornification and new turns of events if modest and simple items, has cause a domino influence in our wellbeing framework. Despite the fact that our condition is enduring due to over utilization of synthetic compounds, we don't end there. decent T - Meline Akashian 11/27/10 3:33 PM According to the U. S Department of Agricultures National Agricultural Statistics Service, every year in the United States, 10 billion land creatures are raised and executed for meat, eggs, and milk. To a normal American with no earlier information on our food economy this may appear to be a little actuality, in any case; it is the manner by which these animals are cultivated which has desperate outcomes on our social orders wellbeing. Livestock government assistance master Dr. Donald Broom states; Efforts to accomplish prior and quicker development, more prominent creation per individual, and proficient feed transformations and dividing are the reasons for a portion of the most exceedingly terrible creature government assistance issues. The cultivating of animals has changed drastically over the previous hundreds of years. Many despite everything consider cultivating the country assortments of horse shelters and field where animals are allowed to munch and move about until they are executed viably, as a general rule, a few ranches are monstrous modern sort offices claimed and worked by huge organizations [and] in spite of the fact that they make up a little level of American homesteads, they handle a huge level of the animals slaughtered for food in the United States (Breakdown of Livestock Farms, North American Industry Classification System in Census of Agriculture). These manufacturing plant ranches are otherwise called CAFOs or Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations. As a result of the over creation of corn, these creatures abstains from food comprise of only it. Since corn is a high-starch, high-vitality food, it diminishes the time it takes to stuff the steers and builds the yield from these ranches. As indicated by the narrative, King Corn, steers are taken care of for anyplace between 140-160 days and than butchered, nonetheless; corn isn't the common eating regimen of dairy cattle and since it isn't, numerous issues have originated from this strange eating routine. They are getting fatter at a disturbing rate which is useful for the companys wallets yet not for our abdomen lines considering 65% of calories from burgers are vitality calories from fat causing an immediate line between stout dairy animals, and hefty Americans (King Corn). The issue exists in the cattles stomach related framework. The substantial corn diet ferments the dairy animals stomach related tract and makes microscopic organisms structure. Under ordinary conditions a microorganisms known as E. coli 0157: H7 would be slaughtered by stomach acids however the expanded measures of corrosive takes into consideration the more corrosive safe microorganisms to flourish and imitate (Richard J.Arsenault, Corn Fed Cattle:

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Social Contract Theory of John Locke Essay Example for Free

Implicit understanding Theory of John Locke Essay Given the regarded and broad position that the implicit understanding hypothesis maintains, the assumption despite everything bears different appraisals. The view that people’s moral and political obligations are dependent upon an agreement between them to structure a general public is additionally correctly connected with current moral and political hypothesis. John Locke (b. 1632, d. 1704), an unmistakable truth-searcher among different callings of the seventeenth and mid eighteenth hundreds of years, is basically perceived for the making of his compelling implicit agreement hypothesis. Edits question that a great many people are raised inside a current society and not gave chance to select an implicit agreement; consequently, Locke’s implicit agreement hypothesis is viewed as invalid. Locke’s discredit to the blue pencils claimed that a sharp comprehension of how implicit understandings come to pass must happen preceding the headway of people in the social request. This paper will involve the implicit agreement hypothesis of John Locke and how the qualities recognized are predictable with the criminal equity framework (Uzgalis, 2007,  ¶11). The State of Nature. The implicit agreement hypothesis begins with the possibility of a condition of nature; the focal thought that criminal equity frameworks are not in presence. The breakdown of impacts bring about the absence of security gave; the powerlessness to impart wellbeing measures; and the disregard of social liberties relating to property and to individualized asylum. Open request is in disorder bringing about individuals depending on self improvement techniques to determine contrasts of feeling. The singularity of presence inside a condition of nature is one of the essential zones being talked about that distinctions happen among implicit understanding scholars. In contrast to Thomas Hobbes, John Locke’s partner in reasoning, whom references a condition of nature as a clash of everybody contrary to each other, Locke references condition of nature, not as a situation of fighting, yet in any case an issue. Locke conjectures that a network not having access to a typical judge would mean that every individual would intervene singular cases. This style of mediation would make intermittent warmed conversations being settled by close to home mercilessness. Regardless of the distinctive considering strategies Locke and Hobbes, the understanding exists that the condition of nature would create a twisted and uneasy air (Reese, 2001,  ¶11-12). The State of Nature is a state of perfect and comprehensive self-governance to oversee life in the best technique one esteems vital, as indicated by Locke. To include clearness, Locke’s proposition was not to incorporate the opportunity to do whatever one wants regardless of the outcomes. Despite the fact that the State of Nature presents a status that civil impact and government doesn't teach people for illicit thoughtless activities, regulations stay in resource. Besides, the State of Nature accept equivalency to other people and is similarly talented to make conclusions guaranteed by, what Locke guarantees, the establishment of tolerability; the Law of Nature. Locke’s perspective is that the Law of Nature was furnished to humanity by God with the guidelines not to make injury each other as to state of being, autonomy, presence, and property. In Locke’s words, â€Å"Moral great and insidiousness is just the similarity or difference of our deliberate activities to some law, whereby great or fiendishness is drawn on us, from the will and intensity of the law-maker† (Laslett, 1967, p.18). Locke invalidates Hobbes hypothesis by making guarantee that since God possesses each living animal, and each individual is viewed as comparable, individuals are not at freedom to annihilate what has a place with God. The State of Nature fills in as a lot of rules permitting individuals to seek after wholeheartedly joy by following individual zones of intrigue and making individual discretion (2001,  ¶3-4). In this perception the declaration is set up on God’s assurance yet abnormally, the hypothesis isn't reliable with Locke’s affirmation relating to the Law of Nature. Locke expounds that in light of the fact that the State of Nature is sensibly inactive; individuals are qualified for look for this joy liberated from block. Despite the fact that the speculation is somewhat repudiating, Locke’s hypothesis adds straightforwardness to the thinking of why an impartial criminal equity framework is hindering to society. Two Treaties on Government Locke construed in the Two Treaties on Government, 1686, initially individuals consented to a legislative implicit agreement to guarantee defending of property rights and security from hostility. In lieu of resistance, network individuals introduced approval to the administration for check that network individuals wished to be directed. Locke made open the case that any administration authority can reasonably be supplanted in the event that the person in question dismisses obligations or exploits the position. Locke’s perspective on exemplary nature is relevant to the discussion of the United States Criminal Justice System since initiators relied on Locke’s useful tidbits to coordinate the get together of an association of self-administering matchless quality. Evidently, various bits of the United States Declaration of Independence copy bits of Locke’s Second Treatise decisively. For instance, residents are talented â€Å"with certain unalienable rights . . . governments happen to make sure about the rights and to increase just powers from the assent of the governed† (Laslett, 1967, p. 61). Locke’s articulation relating to how deriding the legislature can become and the qualification the network individuals get is additionally noted in the Declaration of Independence. Locke’s question came about as the beginning stage for organizing an appreciated government notwithstanding an approval for resistance. Political feelings once in the past continued the proposition of network individuals giving government necessities. The idea of an inventive implicit agreement wherein the administration remained alive to give prerequisites of the organization made a novel reflection that maintained Lock’s considerations, â€Å"a individual gave up to the authority of the state just the measure of opportunity important to guarantee insurance of the privileges of other citizens† (1967, p. 3-7). The new proposition concerning authoritative relationship of the legislature to network individuals was a production of a creative, rising middleclass (1967, p. 15). End Based on the previous hypotheses of the profoundly respected John Locke, the qualities distinguished inside the State of Nature are observably reliable with the benefits of existing day criminal equity framework. Albeit testing, without the premise of Locke’s theory on implicit agreement, the criminal equity framework would need validity and empathy making an unwelcoming domain. Locke’s hypothesis makes current the limitless exhibit of affiliations and associations interlinking individuals. Implicit agreement hypothesis is unquestionably a piece of the criminal equity framework at present and in the anticipated future. Locke’s hypothesis, alongside other respectable premises, will everlastingly force the reflection upon the idea of individuals and the association with each other. Reference Laslett, P. (December 1967). Two arrangements of government and the insurgency of 1688. Locke: Two Treatises of Government. Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought. (ISBN-13 : 9780521069038 | ISBN-10: 0521069033). Reese, R. (September 2001). Social equity hypothesis. Diary of Ethics and Justice. Uzgalis, W. (2007). Chronicled foundation and locke’s life. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Friday, August 21, 2020

How To Use A Sample Of Term Paper For College

How To Use A Sample Of Term Paper For CollegeA sample of term paper for college can help you get ideas on how to write your own paper. It is often referred to as the 'road map' of your paper, a list of things you have to cover. It can be good to use this as a guide. Some students feel they will feel stupid if they don't follow this road map.You may even find that the sample of term paper for college has some material on it that you may not be able to fit into your paper. If so, keep looking until you are able to fit all of the information into your paper. It may take some time. But it is well worth it, especially when you see the satisfied look on your student's face when they get their paper back.Your students will appreciate this when they are writing the paper. And when they are finished with it, it will mean a lot more work when you next need them to submit it. The sample of term paper for college will be helpful.If you find that you know these subjects pretty well, do not hesita te to include them in your paper. If you think that your student has questions, provide them with more information. This will give your student more confidence in their own abilities and help them in their future.Do not be afraid to be specific when describing events in your paper. We all have a limited memory, so being specific is important. There are certain phrases or words that students use throughout the course of the year. Having a few of these in your paper will help them remember them.In addition, do not be afraid to include visuals in your paper. Video is a great way to do this. Some videos are very educational. Others will help with research and writing. If you need a video, be sure to get one from a reputable source.You can also download many papers online. This will provide a variety of options to students, which will give them more choices for a better grade. This makes your students feel more involved in their learning.Overall, a sample of term paper for college can be a big help. This will provide students with a great idea of what to expect, and how it should look when they finish the project.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Recording Aspect Of The Taping Assignment Allowed Me

The recording aspect of the taping assignment allowed me to understand the process and value of advocacy. As I was hearing myself speak about oppression and the impact it has on individuals and communities, it allowed me to process my thoughts differently than through a typical writing assignment. I came to the realization that advocacy begins one individual at a time, that a dialogue is the simple first step to solving systems of oppression. Unfortunately, the value of advocacy in my recording lost its value because I wrote a script in advance as opposed to an impromptu recording. The reading of paper on the recording also did not allow me to veer off into a train of thought, which made it sound inauthentic or robotic. Whereas, the†¦show more content†¦If I had the opportunity to redo the taping assignment I would have done the recording impromptu (without a script) in order to see the struggle in answering these questions. This assignment made me realize that being honest and true to yourself is imperative and that we should not conform to societal norm. Advocacy begins at honest and open communication between yourself primarily. Because, in the end, if we all simply ‘look up the answers on Google’ we will all reach the same conclusions. Part Two One of the ways I am addressing a social (and personal) concerns in Montreal is through promoting a positive alliance between Jews and Arabs in Montreal. The Arab-Israeli conflict has always been an international issue (not a local one). While the conflict is a global concern, it is also a local responsibility to promote positive alliance between the two countries. I took part in designing a Syrian Refugee Group for the recently arrived refugees in Canada. The Syrian Refugee Project emerged from one of my Social Work classes where our group used academic literature, theories and frameworks to create the group. Shortly after, my classmates and I launched the project in a community organization in Montreal. Although the goal of the group itself is to help the Syrian refugees integrate into Canada, my goal, as a representative of the Jewish community is to create a positive alliance between Jews and Arabs. One of the barriers I face is the religious valuesShow MoreRelatedEudora Welty a Worn Path12166 Words   |  49 Pagestrademarks used herein under license.  ©2007 LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the copyright hereon may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, Web distribution or information storage retrieval systems without the written permission of the publisher. For complete copyright information on these eNotes please visit:−path/copyright Table of Contents 1. ARead MoreEudora Welty a Worn Path12173 Words   |  49 Pagestrademarks used herein under license.  ©2007 LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the copyright hereon may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, Web distribution or information storage retrieval systems without the written permission of the publisher. For complete copyright information on these eNotes please visit:−path/copyright Table of Contents 1. A WornRead MoreMarketing Research and Information Systems47836 Words   |  192 Pagesshortest time possible and, moreover, at minimum cost. On such occasions its methods tend to be less theoretically rigorous and its analysis more superficial. 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ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the copyright hereon may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means—graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping, Web distribution, information storage and retrieval systems, or in any other manner—without the written permission of the publisher. Thomson Higher Education 10 Davis Drive Belmont, CA 94002-3098 USA For more information about our products

Friday, May 15, 2020

Racism And The American Civil War - 963 Words

The illusion that Racism is the same creates disturbing comments when discussing current events. Racism is defined as someone who believes their race is the superior race. The current events with the confederate flags has brought about conversation that these people are racist. This term is correct but misused when discussing the context for the choice of words. Society believes these individuals are racist because displaying the flag is assumed to display hatred. These people who proudly display the confederate flag are racist because they believe the white race is the supreme race. There is nothing wrong with that idea and they have that right to that opinion. Our government is built on the principle of freedom of speech and we can’t apply this natural right to a one way street. It was that in 1860 to 1865 that the American Civil War widely known as the civil war took place, to determine survival of the union or independence of the confederacy. Among the 34 states, seven southern states South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas that the secession formed the United States confederacy, mostly known as the â€Å"south†. The south grew upon to include eleven states, although they claimed 13 Missouri and Kentucky that weren’t diplomatically recognized. However during this time period and all the conspiracy, of the confederate battle flag known as the â€Å"southern cross† came to the surface of what the civil war was all about, and was itShow MoreRelatedReconstruction and the Myth of the Lost Cause1511 Words   |  7 PagesAfter the Civil war, the Union was reestablished in racism. Reconstruction was the constitutional effort (13th, 14th, 15th amendment) of the north to force the south to treat the fr eed slaves as citizens. Reconstruction failed miserably. It is one of the least glorious parts of American history. Some nationalists like to think that there are no badly edifying chapters of America, and decide to forget about it. The civil war was one of the big three events along with the Revolution and World War Two. EverybodyRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement During The 1960 S1224 Words   |  5 Pageschanges was know as The Civil Rights Movement.   The civil rights movement was a movement created by African Americans to achieve rights equal to white people and have equal opportunity in housing, employment, education, the right to vote, and to not be segregated.   This movement had many important leaders that helped get rights for African Americans.   The book â€Å"Tambourines To Glory† is based on a play that Langston Hughes wrote.   The book shows the life of an African American back then as tough andRead MoreThe Fight Against Racism And Discrimination1737 Words   |  7 PagesMichelle Chansuyco History 110 Class Number – 30 Final Paper—The Fight Against Racism and Discrimination Throughout history we have seen how racism has evolved and has impacted the lives of many minority groups in America. With the migration of people from different backgrounds all over the world, the United States has truly become a melting pot of cultures, religions and backgrounds. However, with this massive influx of people, nativism is bound to cause problems. Over time, through the effortsRead MoreReconstruction Of The Civil War1108 Words   |  5 PagesAmerica’s Mindset Although the end of the Civil War and the beginning of the Reconstruction brought great hope to America’s four million former slaves, the efforts of Congressional Reconstruction ultimately failed to establish equal rights for the freedmen because the racist mindset still dominated American society at the time and Democratic influence steadily overcame Republican control in Congress. Despite the Union’s victory, the end of the Civil War brought many significant national problemsRead MoreThe Glory Field By Walter Dean Myers1265 Words   |  6 PagesSadie Hosler 2 hour 11/09/15 Slavery to Segregation; Civil War to Civil Rights The Glory Field is a novel by Walter Dean Myers that follows the Lewis family through racism and segregation. It starts with Muhammad Bilal being captured from Africa in 1753. It follows through to see young Lizzy escape from slavery on the live Oaks plantation in South Carolina in 1864. After the Civil War, the family is given is plot of land they refer to as the â€Å"Glory Field†, which represents hope for the family duringRead MoreRace And Gender Roles : The Women On The Porch As Southern Gothic Literature893 Words   |  4 Pagesthe Southern culture and dynamic. After the Civil War, dramatic changes began to take place in the South. 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Wise invalidates the argument that the election of a person of color to Presidency means the country has smashed racism, by noting that the argument is akin to claiming Pakistan or Israel had smashed sexism by electing a female head of state. His undeniable and most important information is, of course, the factual data he presents. Some of these are: an average whiteRead MoreThe Birth Of Machine Changed The Life Conditions Essay995 Words   |  4 Pages20th century was dominated by World War I, World War II, nationalism, decolonization, the cold war, post-cold war. It was the century in which the world has witnessed masses of dead bodies strewn upon the ground, and those even who survived were afflicted with physical and mental suffering, casualties mounted into millions. After the two world wars, nothing was ever certain again, moral progress came to seem ridiculous. Although this century witnessed many wars and invasions, it also witnessed developments

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Domestic Violence And Its Effects On Our Lives - 1469 Words

Every minute 20 people are victims of intimate partner violence. (Vagianos, 2015) Domestic Violence is described a pattern of behavior that is used to establish power and control over another person through fear and intimidation, often including the threat or use of violence. There are many other terms for domestic violence which includes intimate partner violence, battering, relationship abuse, spousal abuse, or family violence. (Safe Horizon, 2015) Domestic violence has affected and altered my life in various ways. There has been a long history of domestic violence in my family for many decades. I can remember being younger and hearing about my grandmother and her then boyfriend getting into a domestic dispute, which led to her†¦show more content†¦Sometimes I had to threaten calling the police. I remember one time in specific I heard them screaming and hollering in the bathroom. When I busted in they were both bleeding from stab wombs. My young eyes saw both of my parent s stabbing one another. My mother had a cut on her leg and my father on his arm. I was in disbelief by what I had witnessed, and of course ran to my room in tears. There were numerous other times were I have witnessed their domestic fights before and after that incident. The worst incident that I witnessed occurred when I was 11 or 12 years old. I would never forget this dispute because I had something to do with it. My mother found out that my biological father (whom she had taken all the abuse from to be a family) had been sexually and mentally abusing me. It went on for a few years before she found out. The day she found out she was so upset and utterly disgusted that she grabbed a double edged sword that we had on the wall for decoration and tried to end his life. My mother cut his arms up pretty badly, all I could remember from that time is blood being everywhere and my father denying my accusations. Luckily, they ended their relationship when he was arrested and that was the end of me witnessing domestic violence as a child. Since that relationship my mother has made a vow to her children that she would never put us nor herself in such a horrible situation or expose us to

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Oncology Unit In Acute Care Hospital Essay â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Oncology Unit In An Acute Care Hospital Essay? Answer: Introduction This essay seeks to comprehensively discuss transformative leadership theory and provide an account of its functionality within the nursing context. I work in the oncology unit of an acute care hospital and thus I have used it as the specific context for application of the theory. This case study sample is assumed to be reflective of other acute care settings. The essay is grounded in using the theory to increase the access and quality of patient care. Transformational leadership has several instrumental aspects that are quite relevant in the quest to transform and enhance the quality of health care provided to patients and the access to these services. These aspects include motivation and inspiration. This essay heavily uses them to argue out its applicability in the oncology unit. I have identified several challenges facing the unit and consequently illustrated how they can be mitigated by employing the transformational leadership approach. The essay concludes that this leadership approach can be applicable in transforming and enhancing service delivery in the oncology unit in an acute care hospital. The scope of the essay covers the history of the theory, its applicability in a practical nursing context, and the resultant conclusions from the analysis. All these are discussed broadly in an analytical manner with the exception of conclusions. A summary of the history and chief premises of the theory The term `transformational leadership`, was coined by a renowned sociologist James V. Downton in 1973 (Bruce Francis, 2013). He came up with this terminology seeking to explain the relationship between change and leadership. Later on, leadership expert James McGregor Burns build on Downton`s concept of transformational leadership in his 1978 book titled `Leadership` (Curtis, Vries, Sheerin, 2011). According to him, transformational leadership referred to a process where leaders and their followers uplift each other to greater levels of motivation and morality. Bernard M. Bass further developed the transformational leadership concept as indicated by his 1985 book tilted ``Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations`` (David Kirimi, 2012). He argued that this type of leader has the following attributes: sets vivid goals, is a reflection of fairness and integrity, exhibits high expectations, offers support and recognition, encourages others, has the ability to stir up other peoples` emotions, gets individuals to look beyond their self-interest as well as inspires and motivates individuals to reach for the improbable. There have been further developments done to the theory over time (Diane, 2013). Now over 25 years after Bass` book, it is argued that transformational leadership is one of the paramount concepts in organizational leadership (Diane, 2013). The theory is grounded on several fundamental premises. These premises include the following: Individuals will follow a person who inspires them, an individual with a vision and passion can accomplish immense things and the avenue to get things executed involves injecting energy and enthusiasm (Duygulu Kublay, 2011). Usually, people will follow the leader whom they perceive to inspire them. It is assumed their belief that the individual has some inspiration and motivation to them will act as a trigger and driving force for them to voluntarily follow the leader. Additionally, it is assumed that the person who has a vision and passion is in a good position to achieve things of great magnitude. As such, these two attributes are critical although it becomes quite a hard exercise the two most of the times. The two elements are used as the underlying factors when a person desires to achieve great things. Also, using enthusiasm and energy facilitates getting things done. This implies that energy and enthusiasm are indispensable when an individual in a leadership position wants things to be executed accordingly (Duygulu Kublay, 2011). Transformational leadership theory describes a leadership approach which brings about change in people and social systems (Edgar, 2016). Ideally, it creates positive and valuable change in the followers. When authentically enacted, it heightens the morale, motivation, and performance of the followers via different mechanisms. Such mechanisms include: linking the followers` sense of self and identity to the organization`s mission and collective identity, being an inspirational role model to them, challenging the followers to take ownership of their work and comprehending their strengths and weaknesses. This enables the leader to align followers with the tasks they can optimally perform (Elaine, 2012). The chief components of the theory include: intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration, inspirational motivation and idealized influence (Elesa, 2013). Intellectual stimulation describes the level to which the leader takes risks, challenges assumptions and solicits the ideas of the followers. This promotes the development and nurturing of individuals who think independently. Individualized consideration is the degree to which the leader addresses individual follower`s needs and concerns. The empathy and support offered by the leader give them intrinsic motivation to perform their tasks. Inspirational motivation is the ability of the leader to articulate a vision which is inspiring and appealing to the followers (Gilbert, 2011). This offers the organization`s meaning and purpose hence steering the group forward. Idealized influence reflects high ethical conduct, earns respect, and instills pride and trust. It enables the leader to walk the talk (Elesa, 2013). A description of its possible application in an oncology unit Today`s nurses employ fundamental transformative communication principles to enhance interactions with patients, peers, family members and colleagues (Heuston Wolf, 2011). This implies that transformative communication principles are linked to transformational leadership principles. For instance, the linkage between the need to positively communicate and the need to optimize ones and group`s potential principles respectively. As such, I believe the blend of the two is indispensable in bringing harmony among the above-mentioned parties. This is efficacious in enhancing patient care and professionalism within the different contexts of a highly diverse society (Hutchinson Jackson, 2013). An example of the most suitable context for application of the transformative theory is in the oncology unit in an acute care hospital, where I work. The department is always busy since we provide the following services: a diagnostic job to identify a new diagnosis, treatment of therapy complications, administration of investigational and standard chemotherapy, supportive care, radiation therapy, biopsies and surgical operations, among others (Owen, 2012). The department team is large. Some members work round the clock with some reasonable breaks while others usually work on a shift basis. We possess varied levels of expertise, education, motivation and experience (Kwame, 2012). The operations of the unit are commendable since we offer excellent services round the clock to the patients received in the department (Owen, 2012). However, there have been several challenges within the unit. Such problems include: poor design of systems, inadequacy in meeting the health needs of the chronically ill patients, and lack of a shared decision-making relationship between nursing professionals and patients in the unit (Marshall, 2010). Traditionally, health care institutions have experienced challenges linked to the process of how patient care is provided (Michael, 2011). I agree with this based on my observation and work experience on the way healthcare service delivery is done in my locality and in other areas. However, I believe that such challenges can be progressively alleviated only if transformational leadership is used prudently and inclusively. The oncology unit wherein I work is a good example (Marshall, 2010). There has been poor systems design in the oncology unit. Such a key system is the patient health documentation system in the unit. For a long time, the health and treatment records of the chronically ill patients have been managed poorly. This means that the patients usually consume a lot of time waiting for their medical documents to be retrieved at the unit (Bradley, 2016). As a result, this has led to poorer quality patient care and wide dissatisfaction and disappointment among our patients (Michael L. , 2011). The theory is very instrumental in addressing the above-described challenge of poor systems design. It will aid in enhancing the patient health records documentation system. This will be achieved by bringing the responsible staff on board for an in-depth discussion with their leader (Salanova, Lorente, Chambel, Martinez, 2011). The leader will precisely articulate the vision and the need to efficaciously handle the documents of the patients. I believe that this will serve to motivate the staff to execute their mandates more effectively and, hence, avert inconveniencing the patients when they require their medical records. As such, this will motivate and inspire the unit employees on the need to be quick and swift when handling the patients` documentation (Patrick, Laschinger, Wong, Finegan, 2011). This can also be done by taking them through an induction session and also the manager challenging the staff members and inspiring them with a sense of purpose and excitement. As such, th e employees will be more likely to change or adjust their perceptions which will influence the way they handle such documentation (Smith, 2011). The inadequacy to satisfy the health needs of the patients who are chronically ill in the unit has proved to be a challenging issue. Such needs include: counseling, advice on aspects such as lifestyle, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and biopsies among other paramount needs and services offered by the unit (Nurse, 2012). I believe that this has been contributed to by the absence of enough attention to behavioral health determinants and prevention, and the disharmonious collaboration between and among the nurses and other health care providers working in the unit. It is a saddening situation (Nurse, 2012). The theory is also useful in satisfactorily addressing the issue of inadequacy in meeting chronically sick patients` needs. Addressing such needs will require the reforming of the way attention to behavioral health determinants and treatment and prevention are done in the unit (Tricia, 2015). Since the transformational leadership theory involves implementing new ideas which the followers can comfortably identify with, the leader will be able to inspire and motivate enhanced collaboration and coordination among the staff in the unit regarding the awarding of adequate attention and considerations to treatment and prevention options available and suitable to each unique individual patient. For instance, based on my experience, introducing a universally joint consultation and feedback framework in the unit is a great way of motivating change among the staff. This will include setting up a unit where such collaboration and coordination will be carried out extensively and precisely. The un it will be accessible to all the relevant staff round the clock (Tricia, 2015). From my observation, the lack of a shared decision-making relationship between nursing professionals and patients has been overtly present in the unit. This implies that there has been the absence of openness between the providers and/- or nurses and the patients. This has caused critical decisions to be made independently either by the health providers or the patients (Patricia, 2011). Transformative leadership is paramount in mitigating the lack of a shared decision-making relationship between nursing professionals or other healthcare providers and patients within the unit. This means that since the theory promotes increased ethical conduct, respect, and trust, the unit staff will be spurred to embrace a shared decision-making association with their patients (Wong, Cummings, Durchame, 2013). The trust between the staff and patient(s) may be in terms of the confidentiality of the health details of the patient and perhaps the treatment options. As such, I believe that this will initiate a considerate and comprehensive shared decision-making through an approach such as having an in-depth personal conversation with patients. Since respect is very key in decision-making between two parties, the unit will provide induction sessions for the unit staff on how to build on respect for the patients visiting our unit. This will lead to enhanced and prudent decision options f rom which informed choices can be arrived at. I am of the view that, essentially, this will also remarkably address the need to be increasingly attentive and considerate to the preferences, values, and cultural backgrounds of the patients visiting the unit. Consequently, this will cause high-quality service provision (David Kirimi, 2012). The transformative leadership theory is the most appropriate applicable theory in addressing the above-discussed challenges in the workplace situation. This is essential because all the key challenges highlighted above relate to the theory (Sadeghi Pihie, 2012). According to me, it calls for change or transformation. This will positively impact the service delivery in the crucial unit (Michael R., 2013). Based on my knowledge, the theory is applicable since it seeks to empower each staff member to achieve his or her full potential besides focusing on the general performance of the department. This is crucial (Sadeghi Pihie, 2012). Conclusion It is necessary to bring change in individuals and social systems. At the center of this is the transformational leadership approach. Its origin and development are attributed to James V. Downton, Burns and Bass. The theory has been used for many years, specifically for over twenty-five years in advocating for individual and group optimization of productivity. It has made it possible to bring the desired change in organizations and hence aid in steering them towards their consensual vision and mission. It does this by articulately involving all the followers both at the individual and group levels. This is based on its four key components which include: intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration, inspirational motivation and idealized influence. The theory can be applied in the oncology unit in an acute care hospital to transform and enhance service delivery to the patients who visit the unit. The importance of the theory is inevitably remarkable. 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